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Weshalb verweigern Erwachsene mit Mukoviszidose eine ärztlich empfohlene intravenöse Antibiotikatherapie?

Ullrich G, Smaczny C, Weber J, Steinkamp G, Welte T, Busse R, Wagner TOF

Pneumologie 51(8): 822-827





BACKGROUND: Regular courses of intravenous antibiotics are recommended for the treatment of chronic Pseudomonas aeruglnosa (PA) infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. We report the results of interviews performed to evaluate why a subgroup of patients vote against regular intravenous (i.v.) antibiotic treatment. METHODS: Structured interviews covering a) the individual's perception of chronic PA infection, b) the patient's expectations regarding the effectiveness of i.v. treatment, c) the patient's personal reasons for refusal of i.v. treatment. STUDY COHORT: 16 out of 18 adult patients treated in the adult CF outpatient clinic at Hannover Medical School who had voted against the physician's recommendation to receive regular i.v. therapy twice a year. RESULTS: More than one half of the patients did not regard chronic PA infection as important due to the lack of specific symptoms. A subgroup of patients had no idea of what their clinical status should be if i.v. antibiotics would be necessary; these patients reported prior experience of treatment courses which had been ineffective and had been instituted after talking into the patients. The most frequent reasons against IV treatment were not being sick enough and fear of adverse drug effects. ASSESSMENT: The results are being discussed considering the physician-patient relationship. The reasons why patients refuse help should be extensively explored rather than simply addressing this attitude as "non-compliance". Patients, too, come to reasonable decisions, and it is important to know their thoughts and reasoning if one intends to influence them.

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