What do community-based dengue control programmes achieve? A systematic review of published evaluations
Velasco Garrido M, Kroeger A|
|Verlag||Transactions of the Royal
Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2007) 101, 317—325
Owing to increased epidemic activity and difficulties in controlling the insect vector, dengue has become a major public health problem in many parts of the tropics. The objective of this review is to analyse evidence regarding the achievements of community-based dengue control programmes. Medline, EMBASE, WHOLIS and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched (all to March 2005) to identify potentially relevant articles using keywords such as ‘Aedes’, ‘dengue’, ‘breeding habits’, ‘housing’ and ‘community intervention’. According to the evaluation criteria recommended by the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Review Group, only studies that met the inclusion criteria of randomised controlled trials (RCT), controlled clinical trials (CCT), controlled before and after trials (CBA) or interrupted time series (ITS) were included. Eleven of 1091 studies met the inclusion criteria. Of these, two were RCTs, six were CBAs and three were ITS. The selected studies varied widely with respect to target groups, intervention procedures and outcome measurements. Six studies combined community participation programmes with dengue control tools. Methodological weaknesses were found in all studies: only two papers reported confidence intervals (95% CI); five studies reported P-values; two studies recognised the importance of water container productivity as a measure for vector density; in no study was cluster randomisation attempted; and in no study were costs and sustainability assessed. Evidence that community-based dengue control programmes alone and in combination with other control activities can enhance the effectiveness of dengue control programmes is weak.