Mental health in Vietnam – burden of disease and availability of services.
|Autor||Vuong DA, Van
Ginneken E, Morris J, Ha St, Busse
|Verlag||Asian Journal of
Psychiatry 4(1): 65-70 |
Despite the accomplishments, the economic and social reform program of
Vietnam has had negative effects, such as limited access to health
care services for those disadvantaged in the new market economy. Among
this group are persons with mental disorders. This paper aims to
understand the burden of mental disorders and availability of mental
health services (MHS) in Vietnam.
Methods: We reviewed both national as well as the international literature about the burden of mental disorders and MHS in Vietnam. This included academic literature (Medline, Pubmed), national (government) reports, World Health Organization (WHO) reports, and grey literature.
Results: The burden of mental disorders in Vietnam is similar to that of other Asian countries and occurs across all population groups. MHS have been made one of the national health priorities and more efforts are being made to promote equity of access by integrating MHS into other health care programs and by increasing MHS capacity. However, it is not yet sufﬁcient to meet the care demand of persons with mental disorders. Challenges remain in various areas of MHS, including: lack of mental health legislation, human resources, hospital beds, shortage and diversiﬁcation of MHS.
Conclusion: Although MHS in Vietnam have considerably improved over the last decade, mainly in terms of accessibility, the care demand and the illness burden remain high. Therefore, more emphasis should be put on increasing MHS capacity and on human resource development. In that process, more representative epidemiological data and intervention research is needed.