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Correlation of Incident Potentiall Inappropriate Medication Prescription and Hospitalization: An Analysis Based on the PRISCUS List
Redaelli M, Siegel M, Stock S
|Journal||Drugs - Real World
Outcomes 2: 249-259
Multimorbidity and polypharmacy represents a major problem for elderly patients. Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is highly prevalent among the elderly. PIMs are considered high-risk drugs and are suspected to be responsible for adverse drug events (ADEs) leading to hospitalization.
The objective of this study was to determine hospitalization rates related to selected ADEs in elderly patients with an incident prescription of a PIM as defined by the PRISCUS list. A second objective was to identify other factors independently associated with hospitalization.
We retrospectively analysed a full census of pharmaceutical claims, from one of the largest public sickness funds in Germany, for 647,073 patients aged >= 65 years in 2010, the year of publication of the PRISCUS list. Patients who received an incident PIM in 2010 were assigned to the intervention group. Propensity score matching was used to build a control group of patients at a comparable risk level who received an incident equivalent non-PIM. The risk of hospitalization due to PIM prescription was estimated via the odds ratio (OR). Risk factors were analysed via logistic regression models.